The property which opposes any change in voltage
in an electrical circuit. The property of a nonconductor by which it stores electrical energy when separated surfaces of the nonconductor are maintained at a difference of potential
. Capacitance is measured by the ratio of the charge induced to the potential difference and is proportional to the area of the conducting plates and the dielectric constant of the nonconducting material, and inversely proportional to the separation of the plates (mks unit: farad).
The property of an electric current that permits the storage of electrical energy in an electrostatic field and the release of that energy at a later time.
the charge-storing ability of a capacitor, defined as the magnitude of charge stored on either plate divided by the applied voltage.